Extras

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Preview

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Preview

    Take a journey through history, told through six objects modern people take for granted.

    Preview

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Polybius Square

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Polybius Square

    Polybius invents a code so words can be exchanged between battalions freely.

    Polybius Square

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World The Ultimate Rocket Fuel

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    The Ultimate Rocket Fuel

    Jim Al-Khalili demonstrates why hydrogen is the ultimate rocket fuel.

    The Ultimate Rocket Fuel

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 5 Preview | The Rocket

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Episode 5 Preview | The Rocket

    Blast off into history to see how rockets originated not in the sky, but in a cave.

    Episode 5 Preview | The Rocket

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World The Rocket Equation

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    The Rocket Equation

    Franklin Chang-Diaz demonstrates the energy required to launch a rocket into space.

    The Rocket Equation

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World A Chicago Slaughterhouse

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    A Chicago Slaughterhouse

    In 1909, the Model T’s first year of production, Henry Ford sells over 10,000 cars.

    A Chicago Slaughterhouse

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 4 Preview | The Car

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Episode 4 Preview | The Car

    Go for a ride through the 9,000-year history of the ultimate freedom machine: the car.

    Episode 4 Preview | The Car

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World The First Long Distance Test Drive

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    The First Long Distance Test Drive

    In 1886 Karl Benz has his patent accepted for what is regarded as the first automobile.

    The First Long Distance Test Drive

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 3 Preview | The Robot

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Episode 3 Preview | The Robot

    Check out the history of robots and learn how they are becoming a part of everyday life.

    Episode 3 Preview | The Robot

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Humanoid Robots

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Humanoid Robots

    A lab in Germany is developing a robot that could fill factories with mechanical workers.

    Humanoid Robots

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Frank Whittle and the Jet Man

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Frank Whittle and the Jet Man

    A modern day jet man tells the story of the pioneer of the jetty engine.

    Frank Whittle and the Jet Man

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Alphonse Pénaud - The Forgotten Pioneer

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Alphonse Pénaud - The Forgotten Pioneer

    The invention of the rubber powered plane inspires the famous Wright brothers.

    Alphonse Pénaud - The Forgotten Pioneer

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Abass Ibn Firnas

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Abass Ibn Firnas

    Legend has it Ibn Firnas jumped from a cliff with feathers attached to his arms and legs.

    Abass Ibn Firnas

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Leonardo da Vinci

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Leonardo da Vinci

    A legendary artist studies the bodies of flying animals in extraordinary detail.

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 2 Preview | The Airplane

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Episode 2 Preview | The Airplane

    Take to the sky with the dreamers whose work gave humans the ability to fly.

    Episode 2 Preview | The Airplane

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Discovering the Big Bang

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Discovering the Big Bang

    In 1923, Edwin Hubble began the manual process of photographing the Andromeda Nebula.

    Discovering the Big Bang

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World How Far Are the Stars?

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    How Far Are the Stars?

    How a New York property boom led to the discovery of the distance to the stars.

    How Far Are the Stars?

    Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Glass - A New Wonder Material

    Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

    Glass - A New Wonder Material

    Learn how clear glass was born - and gave us spectacles almost 800 years ago.

    Glass - A New Wonder Material